Action research is a methodology that offers a paradigm to combine theory and practice, and in this way, provides an approach to bridge the gap between the. PDF | On, Allan Feldman and others published Action Research as a Research Methodology for the Study of the Teaching and Learning of Science. Jump to William Barry's living educational theory approach to action research - Action research is either research initiated to solve an immediate problem or a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a "community of practice" to improve the way they address issues and solve problems.‎Major theories · ‎Action research in · ‎References · ‎Bibliography.


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Action research - Wikipedia

It also has some characteristic differences from most other qualitative methods. Action research tends to action research methodology In fact, some writers insist on those characteristics. To achieve action, action research is responsive. It has to be able to respond to the emerging needs of the situation.

It must be flexible in a way that some research methods action research methodology be.

Action research is emergent. The process takes place gradually.

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Its cyclic nature helps responsiveness. It also aids rigour. The early cycles are used to help decide how to conduct the later cycles.


In the later cycles, the interpretations developed in the early cycles can be tested and challenged and refined. In most instances the use of qualitative information increases responsiveness.

It is possible to work in natural action research methodology, which is easier for informants. There is no need to develop a metric which may have to be abandoned later if it doesn't fit the emerging situation.

The use of language also makes the whole process more accessible to participants. They can develop enough understanding to become co-researchers in many situations. One crucial action research methodology in each cycle consists of critical reflection. The researcher and others involved first recollect and then critique what has already happened.


The increased understanding which emerges from the critical reflection is action research methodology put to good use in designing the later steps. The cycle best known in Australia is probably that of Stephen Kemmis and his colleagues at Deakin University.

Action research

The reflection leads on to the next stage of planning. The "planning" isn't a separate and prior step; it is embedded in the action and reflection.


Short, multiple cycles allow greater rigour to be action research methodology. As I mentioned before, it is also easier to be flexible and responsive to the situation if you are using qualitative methods.