In a life of multiple pursuits, Howard Gardner has remained a student My mother and Erich, then age 3, who were effectively being held. Developer of the theory of Multiple Intelligences. Dr. Howard Gardner was born in Scranton, PA in In he developed the theory of multiple intelligences for which is widely known. He has been involved in school reform since the s. developed by Howard Gardner, Ph.D., Professor of Education at Harvard Gardner's early work in psychology and later in human cognition and human.


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The theory of multiple intelligences affected many school-improvement efforts in the United States.

Howard Gardner: Biography, Theory & Books - Video & Lesson Transcript |

Not an original intelligence, it was added in His discovery of the multiple intelligences was very important because it made people realize that just because howard gardner biography is not book smart, does not mean that they are not smart in other areas.

Important because his theory proposes transformations in the way schools are run. Perhaps the strongest and most enduring critique of his theory howard gardner biography multiple intelligences centers on its lack of empirical evidence, much of which points to a single construct of intelligence called "g".


Other prominent psychologists whose contributions variously developed or expanded the field of study include Charles SpearmanLouis ThurstoneEdward Thorndikeand Robert Sternberg. InProfessor Nelson Goodman started an educational program called Project Zero at the Howard gardner biography Graduate School of Education, which began with a focus in arts education and now spans throughout a wide howard gardner biography of educational arenas.

It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. Howard Gardner sees mental and physical activity as related. Spatial intelligence involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas.

Interpersonal intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people.

Howard Gardner

It allows people to work effectively with others. Educators, salespeople, religious howard gardner biography political leaders and counsellors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence. Because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together.

However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence.


Gardner claimed that the seven intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to howard gardner biography each other as people develop skills or solve problems.

In essence Howard Gardner argued that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences.


The theory is an account of human cognition in its fullness. Human beings are organisms who possess a basic set of intelligences. People have a unique blend of intelligences. These intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are amoral — they can be put to constructive or destructive use.

However, it has met with howard gardner biography strongly positive response from many educators. It has been embraced by a range of educational theorists and, significantly, applied by teachers and policymakers to the problems of schooling.

howard gardner biography

| Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education

A number howard gardner biography schools in North America have looked to structure curricula according to the intelligences, and to design classrooms and even whole schools to reflect the understandings that Howard Gardner develops. The theory can also be found in use within pre-school, higher, vocational and adult education initiatives.

This appeal was howard gardner biography, at first, obvious. At first blush, this diagnosis would appear to sound a death knell for formal education.

It is hard to teach one intelligence; what if there are seven? It is hard to enough to teach even when anything can be taught; what to do if there are distinct limits and strong constraints on human cognition and learning?

Seven kinds of intelligence would allow seven ways to teach, rather than howard gardner biography.

Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education

Howard gardner biography obtaining a doctorate in psychology at Harvard and completing postdoctoral research in neuropsychology, Gardner contributed steadily and prolifically to the academic field of education and psychology.

In the howard gardner biography, Gardner proposed and developed multiple intelligence theory based on his empirical work.

Ultimately, the study aims to provide valuable suggestions of how best to provide quality, non-professional higher education in the 21st century.