For the special antiderivatives involving trigonometric functions, see Trigonometric integral. Generally, if the function is any trigonometric function, and is its derivative, In all formulas the constant a is assumed to be nonzero, and C denotes the constant of integration. Section Integrals Involving Trig Functions. Let's start off with an integral that we should already be able to do. ∫cosxsin5xdx=∫u5duusing the substitution u=sinx=16sin6x+c. This integral is easy to do with a substitution because the presence of the cosine, however, what about the following integral. Integrals of Trigonometric Functions. Trigonometric functions: sinx, cosx, tanx, cotx, arcsinx, arccosx, arctanx, arccot x. Argument (independent variable): x.


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Trigonometric Integrals

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Integrals Involving Trig Functions In this section we are going to look at quite a few integrals involving integral of trig functions functions and some of the techniques we can use to help us evaluate them. Example 1 Evaluate the following integral.

Notice that we were able to do the rewrite that we did in the previous example because the exponent on the sine was odd. In these cases all that we need to do is strip out one of the sines.

We could strip out a sine, but the remaining sines would then have an odd exponent and while we could convert them to cosines the resulting integral would often be even more difficult than the original integral in most cases.

Example 2 Evaluate the following integral.


So, we can use a similar technique in this integral. Of course, if both exponents are odd then we can use either method. Each integral is different and in some cases there will be more than one way to do the integral.

With that being said most, if not all, of integrals involving products of integral of trig functions and cosines in which both exponents are even can integral of trig functions done using one or more of the following formulas to rewrite the integrand. The last is the standard double angle formula for sine, again with a small rewrite.

Example 3 Evaluate the following integral.

List of integrals of trigonometric functions

Integral of trig functions integral is an example of that. There are at least two solution techniques for this problem. Solution 1 In this solution we will use the two half angle formulas above and just substitute them into the integral.

In fact to eliminate the remaining problem term all that we need to do is reuse the first half angle formula given above. Solution 2 In this solution we will integral of trig functions the half angle formula to help simplify the integral as follows.

List of integrals of trigonometric functions - Wikipedia

In the previous example we saw two different solution methods that gave the same answer. Note that this will not always happen. In fact, more often than not we will get different answers. However, integral of trig functions we discussed in the Integration by Parts section, the two answers will differ by no more than a constant.

Sometimes in the process of reducing integrals in which both exponents are even we will run across products of sine and cosine in which the arguments are different.

These will require one of the following formulas to reduce the products to integrals that we can do. Example 4 Evaluate the following integral. Note that this method does require that we have at least one secant in the integral as well.