Fungi are abundant in the environment and some infect humans, causing disease. Surface infections such as athlete's foot and fungal nail. Fungal Diseases. Aspergillosis. Definition. Symptoms. Blastomycosis. Definition. Symptoms. Candidiasis. Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus. Vaginal candidiasis. Candida auris. Coccidioidomycosis. Definition. Symptoms. C. neoformans Infection. Definition. C. gattii Infection. Definition. Fungal Eye Other Fungal Diseases · Candidiasis · Fungal Eye Infections · Fungal Nail Infections. Human Diseases Caused by Fungi. Fungi is a large group of eukaryotes, includes yeast, mushrooms, lichen, Penicillium List of diseases caused by Fungi.
|Published:||16 February 2015|
|PDF File Size:||48.52 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.15 Mb|
However, causes of this disease are gradually increasing. Predisposing factors for meningitis in patients are previous administrations of antibacterial or corticosteroid therapy of other debilitating conditions.
Cell elongates and develops pseudo-mycelium. In sputum both budding cells i.
Ask the Expert
The presence of typical chlamydospores are found in C. It produces spherical clusters of blastospores or yeasts on three media. It produces short filaments within one or two hours on egg albumin or human serum.
Older colonies have honey comb like appearance in centre and develop radial furrows. Glucose and maltose after fermentation are converted into acid and gas.
7 Major Diseases Caused by Fungi | Microbiology
Lactose is not fermented. Different species can be identified by: Culture characteristics of different species are given in Table Development of toxemine in mice by intravenous infection of soluble substances from C. Mannans have been extracted from the cell wall of C.
Some of the candidiasis can improve even without therapy.
The Spectrum of Fungi That Infects Humans
For example, vulvo-vaginal candidiasis gets improved after delivery. However, it can be controlled by treatment of diabetes mellitus by diet and drugs, and discontinuance of antibacterial treatment as soon as possible.
Nystatin in the form of ointment or Candid cream is recommended as topical therapy of Candida infection forming skin lesions, whereas powder, suspension or tablets for oral or vaginal uses.
- Types of Fungal Diseases | Fungal Diseases | CDC
- The Spectrum of Fungi That Infects Humans
- Unusual Fungal and Pseudofungal Infections of Humans
- What you need to know about fungal infections
Use of sodium carprylate, sodium or calcium propionate or gentian violet are effective topical therapy. However, amphotericin-B, and 5-fluorocytosine are patent antifungal agents which are being used for the treatment of Candida infection.
In systemic candidiasis amphotericin B is given intravenously. Actinomycosis is a chronic actinomycetous disease. It spreads to contiguous tissues without limitation by anatomical barriers. Sinus tracts are formed which drain suppurative lesions. In pus firm, list of fungal diseases in humans or angular colonies of the etiologic agent are present.
These colonies assume a diameter of mm and are white to yellow.