In addition, erythrocyte movement can be registered, using a retinal function imager, by calculating “blood flow velocity” and subsequent blood. Jump to Vascular supply and drainage - Diagrams of the blood vessels of the eye. The retina is supplied by the central retinal artery and the short. Jump to Blood supply - Fundus photograph showing the blood vessels in a normal human retina. Veins are darker and slightly wider than corresponding.


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  • Retinal Blood Flow in Healthy Young Subjects | IOVS | ARVO Journals
  • Blood supply of the retina.
  • Nutrition and Vascular Supply of Retinal Ganglion Cells during Human Development

Venous drainage is via the central retinal vein and pial veins. For the optic nerve vessels, the laminar zone marks the transition from exposure to the IOP to the cerebral fluid pressure within the optic nerve sheath. OCTA showing retinal capillary retinal blood supply with drop out of capillaries in the superficial top row, orange box and deep capillary plexi top row green box in a diabetic macular ischaemia.


The OCT B-Scan bottom left shows secondary retinal thinning of the inner retinal layers Discussion Knowledge of the retinal and choroidal vasculature and the ways in which retinal blood supply can be assessed is vitally important in the diagnosis and management of a vast range retinal blood supply ocular conditions.

The emergence of OCT enables optometrists to more closely inspect the retinal and choroidal circulation and to locate areas of pathological fluid leakage.

OCTA represents an exciting development in ocular imaging, giving further diagnostic ability retinal blood supply optometrists in practice, enabling for the first time, non-invasive assessment of ocular blood flow aiding in the retinal blood supply of neovascular membranes in AMD and capillary drop out in vascular disorders.

The capabilities of OCTA are only just being realised and will undoubtedly increase as understanding of this technology increases.


References 1 Ames, A. Energy requirements of CNS cells as related to their function and to their vulnerability to ischemia: Regulation of retinal blood flow in health and disease Prog Retin Eye Res 27 3: Scanning retinal blood supply study of corrosion casts on retinal and choroidal angioarchitecture in man and animals Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 13 1: Salt Lake City UT.

The effect of hypercarbia and hyperoxia on the total blood flow to the retina as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52 9: Segmental nature of the choroidal vasculature Retinal blood supply J Ophthalmol 59 Oxygen sensing in retinal health and disease Ophthalmologica 3: The oxygen supply to the retina.

Effects of high intraocular pressure and of increased arterial carbon dioxide tension on uveal and retinal blood flow in cats. A study with radioactively labelled microspheres including flow determinations in brain and some other tissues Acta Physiol Scand 84 3: Peripapillary venous retinal blood supply from the choroid: Development and senescence of the human retinal vasculature.

Anatomy - The Ocular Circulation - NCBI Bookshelf

Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK In the adult eye, the influence of the choroid on inner retinal blood supply nutrition was determined by examining the peripheral retinal watershed zones in more detail. Conclusion This delicately balanced situation of RGC nutrition is described in the different regions of the eye, and a new graphic presentation is introduced to combine morphological measurements and clinical visual field data.

Some of the latest techniques for detecting micro vessels include adapted fluorescence angiography 12scanning laser ophthalmoscopy 3and retinal blood supply coherence tomography 4.


In the vascularized human retina, the basic functioning hypothesis claims that the inner layers are supplied by capillary branches of the central retinal retinal blood supply. This is true, for only the central region of the adult retina involved predominantly in acute vision.