By: William Shakespeare. The tale First staged in , Twelfth Night is one of Shakespeare's most performed plays. Twelfth Night (No Fear Shakespeare)‎Plot Overview · ‎No Fear Shakespeare · ‎Twelfth Night: Suggestions for · ‎Key Facts. A short summary of William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Twelfth Night. Visit this William Shakespeare site including information about his famous play Twelfth Night. Educational resource for the William Shakespeare play Twelfth.


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Amused by their deception, they create a ruckus at Olivia's house by drinking and partying late into the night and hiding a fake love letter allegedly written by Olivia to Malvolio.

The servant Maria pens the letter to imitate Olivia's writing, and asks Malvolio to wear yellow stockings, smile affectionately at Olivia whenever she appears, and to be rude to the rest of the household.

When Malvolio discovers the letter he william shakespeare twelfth night excited to learn of Olivia's affections and begins to follow the william shakespeare twelfth night instructions.

Twelfth Night - Wikipedia

Olivia is not pleased to see the change in his character and does not return any affection at all. His tormentors pretend Malvolio has gone insane and see that he is locked in a dungeon, where the fool Feste visits and mocks him, pretending to be a priest at times.

The missing twin Sebastian has meanwhile been rescued from the shipwreck by his friend Antonio. William shakespeare twelfth night disguises herself as a boy named Cesario and enters the service of Duke Orsino, who thinks he is in love with the lady Olivia.

To add to the farce Viola's Cesario identical twin, William shakespeare twelfth night arrives on the scene.


Sebastian has also survived the shipwreck, although Viola thinks he has drowned. Sebastian has been rescued by a sea captain, Antonio.

Twelfth Night the play by William Shakespeare

But Sebastian is sad, for he believes his twin sister has drowned. The kindly Antonio gives him money to get along william shakespeare twelfth night Illyria but remains behind for the time being because the Illyrians think he is a pirate.

Belch just wants to use Aguecheeck' money. It is conjectured that the name of its male lead, Orsino, was suggested by Virginio Orsini, Duke of Braccianoan Italian nobleman who visited London in the winter of to It was william shakespeare twelfth night a Catholic holiday and therefore, like other Christian feast days, an occasion for revelry.

Twelfth Night | play by Shakespeare |

Servants often dressed up as their masters, men as women and so forth. This history of festive ritual and Carnivalesque reversal, based on the ancient Roman festival of Saturnalia at the same time of year characterized by drunken revelry and inversion of the social order; masters became slaves for a day, and william shakespeare twelfth night versais the cultural origin of the play's gender confusion-driven plot.

The actual Elizabethan festival of Twelfth Night would involve the antics of a Lord of Misrulewho before leaving his temporary position of authority, would call for entertainment, songs and mummery ; the play has william shakespeare twelfth night regarded as preserving this festive and traditional atmosphere of licensed disorder.


Subtitles for plays were fashionable william shakespeare twelfth night the Elizabethan william shakespeare twelfth nightand though some editors place The Merchant of Venice 's alternative title, The Jew of Venice, as a subtitle, this is the only Shakespearean play to bear one when first published.

A law student, John Manningham, who was studying in the Middle Temple in London, described the performance on 2 February Candlemas which took place in the hall of the Middle Temple at the formal end of Christmastide in the year's calendar, and to which students were invited.

Twelfth Night

The play was not published until its inclusion in the First Folio in Gender[ edit ] William shakespeare twelfth night is not alone among Shakespeare's cross-dressing heroines; in Shakespeare's theatre, convention dictated that adolescent boys play the roles of female characters, creating humour in the multiplicity of disguise found in a female character william shakespeare twelfth night for a while pretended at masculinity.

She does not, however, use her disguise to enable her to intervene directly in the plot unlike other Shakespearean heroines such as Rosalind in As You Like It and Portia in The Merchant of Veniceremaining someone who allows "Time" to untangle the plot.

As the very nature of Twelfth Night explores gender identity and sexual attraction, having a male actor play Viola enhanced the impression of androgyny and sexual ambiguity.


Thus disguised, Viola becomes a page in the service of Orsino, the Duke. It seems that Orsino is having little luck courting Olivia, who is in mourning for the deaths william shakespeare twelfth night her father and brother.

As Orsino's proxy, Viola is sent to Olivia with love letters. William shakespeare twelfth night refuses to budge until she is let in to see Olivia; Olivia, intrigued by the impudent young "boy," contrives to get "Cesario" to return by sending her steward, Malvolio, after her with one of Olivia's rings.